(Abbreviations are described below)

Information about the solar system, stars, galaxies, and the universe; main methods by which this information has been acquired; how basic laws of physics have led to theories about cosmic processes, structure, and history. Some history of astronomy for better understanding modern views and demonstrating cultural impact of astronomical ideas. No formal science or mathematics prerequisites.

Laboratory sessions to acquaint the student with basic phenomena, methods, and instrumentation important in astronomy.

Basic course on the nature of sound, covering the generation, propagation and detection of sound, with particular applications to music: P:MTH 135 or 137 or IC.

A basic course on the nature of light and its applications: sources of light; wave-particle duality; lasers and holography; images and illusions; special effects; color variables and color vision. The subject of light is used as a basis to explore a wide range of physical phenomena and to examine the goals, methods and limitations of science. Since the essential characteristics of light are embodied in the postulates of relativity and quantum theory, light is seen to lie at the foundation of modern scientific thought. Course features many classroom demonstratrations. No formal science or mathematics prerequisites.

Historical and philosophical study of the reciprocal influences between Albert Einstein and the social and scientific communities of his time, including his changing attitude toward pacifism, his relationship to the Zionist movement, his philosophy of knowledge, his relationship with other scientists, and his basic contributions to science. No formal science or mathematics prerequisites.

This course uses fundamental physical principles to develop an understanding of energy and the various sources of energy available for our use. We investigate historical trends in the production, transportation and consumption of energy as well as projections for future energy use. The effects of energy policy are considered. No formal science or mathematics prerequisites.

Basic physics concepts and principles in areas of motion, force and energy, liquids and gases, thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism, light, sound, and x-ray and nuclear radiations, with examples from daily life as illustrations. Includes practice in numerical solution of simple physics problems. P: MTH 135 or 137 or IC. No formal science prerequisites.

A survey of the current research frontier in the physical sciences. Each week, faculty will introduce and lead a discussion on a contemporary research field, focusing on the scientific and social significance. No formal math or science pre-requisites, intended for students interested in pursuing careers in the physical sciences.May be repeated up to 4 times.

A physics project or special study in physics outside the normal curricular boundaries. P: DC.

Laboratory course co-requisite with all general physics I courses (PHY 201, PHY 213, and PHY 221).

Laboratory course co-requisite with all general physics II courses (PHY 202, PHY 214, and PHY 222).

First semester of the general physics sequence. Lecture, discussion, laboratory. Topics include kinematics, Newton's laws of motion, conservation of momentum and energy, rotational dynamics, thermodynamics, and fluids. Basic calculus used. Background of HS Physics or PHY 187 strongly recommended. CO: MTH 245 or 141 or IC.

Continuation of PHY 211. Topics indlude oscillations, waves, optics, electricity and magnetism, DC and AC circuits, modern physics. Basic calculus used. P: PHY 211, MTH 245 or 141 or IC.

An introduction to relativity and quantum physics. Special theory of relativity; quantization of electrical charge, energy and light; Bohr model of the atom; wave aspect of particles; wave-particle duality; Schroedinger equation in one dimension; applications of relativity and quantum theory in atomic, nuclear, and elementary particle physics. P: PHY 212; MTH 246.

Laboratory work designed to acquaint the student with the quantization of electrical charge, energy and light, and the wave aspect of particles. 3L CO: PHY 301.

Basic laboratory in electronics. Experiments include an introduction to measuring instruments, solid state components, and digital and logic circuits. 3L. P: PHY 212.

Mathematical representation of waves; interference, diffraction and polarization; coherence and incoherence; lasers; Fourier analysis and synthesis. P: PHY 212; MTH 246.

Experiments in geometrical and physical optics; interferometry; lasers and holography; analytical methods based on optical principles. 3L. CO: PHY 331.

A review of basic physics as it applies to radiation and the human body followed by an overview of major topics in the field of medical physics: x-rays and their used in medical imaging, physics of nuclear medicine imaging, ultrasound imaging, magnetic resonance imaging, radiation thereapy for cancer, and radiation biology. Certified Writing Course. P: PHY 212 or IC.

An introduction to the application of physics to the microscopic world of the living cell. Topics include: Diffusion, fluid dynamics at low Reynolds-number, thermodynamics of microscopic systems, chemical and entropic forces, self-assembly of ordered structures, mechanical properties of macromolecules, molecular motors, pumps, and machines, and nerve impulses. P: PHY 212; P: MTH 246. Certified Writing Course.

Review of particle dynamics, the harmonic oscillator, rigid body mechanics, generalized coordinates, introduction to Lagrange's and Hamilton's equations. P: PHY 212. CO: MTH 347 or IC.

Development of Maxwell's equations; Laplace's and Poisson's equations and boundary value problems; electromagnetic waves. P: PHY 212; MTH 347.

Undergraduate seminar. Training in the organization and presentation of papers on advanced topics in physics. P: DC. May be repeated to a limit of three hours.

A readings project under the guidance of a member of the faculty. Credit by arrangement. P: IC. May be repeated to a limit of six hours.

A study project under the guidance of a member of the faculty. Credit by arrangement. P: IC. May be repeated to a limit of six hours.

A research project under the guidance of a member of the faculty. Credit by arrangement. P: IC. May be repeated to a limit of six hours.

Kirchhoff's laws. Supernodes. Thevenin's and Norton's theorems. Supermesh. Source transformations. Laplace transforms in circuit analysis. Phasors. Two-port systems. Solutions to homogeneous and non-homogeneous linear systems. AC and DC circuit response. Computer-assisted modeling of circuits P:PHY 212.

Kirchoff's Laws. Solutions to homogeneous and non-homogeneous linear systems in electronics. AC and DC circuit response. Computer-assisted modeling of circuits.P: IC.

Wave-packet representation of particles; development of the formalism of non relativistic quantum mechanics; applications to the harmonic oscillator, the hydrogen atom, square-well potential, and scattering. P: PHY 301; 471.

Laws of thermodynamics, thermodynamic variables, thermodynamic potentials; kinetic theory, distribution functions, classical and quantum statistics. P: PHY 212 or CHM 341; MTH 246.

A study of the scientific ideas of Albert Einstein and their influence on twentieth-century physics. Treatment of the evolution of these ideas along with his involvement in movements such as pacifism and Zionism. No formal math or science courses.

Mathematical methods for the representation of physical processes in space and time. Fourier and other complete representations; vector calculus; tensors and matrices. Selection and emphasis on topics keyed to needs of students enrolled. P: PHY 212; MTH 347.

An introduction to the computational methods most often employed within applied and theoretical physics. Each computational method is introduced in the context of a specific type of physics problem. Examples are drawn from a variety of subfields of physics including; classical, atomic, nuclear and thermodynamics. Topics include: Taylor series expansions and error estimation, numerical solutions of differential equations, solving systems of linear and/or non-linear equations, numerical solutions to partial differential equations, numerical integration techniques, Monte Carlo methods, and the Metropolis algoritm.

Review of classical relativity (frames of reference); Einstein's special theory of relativity (length contraction, time dilation, mass dependence on speed, E = mc^{2}); Einstein's general theory of relativity (gravity, equivalence of gravitation and acceleration, deflection of light, time effects). P: PHY 212; MTH 246.

This course will be an introduction to Standard Big Bang Cosmology utilizing Einstein's General Theory of Relativity. Topics in relativity will include tensor analysis, Reimannian geometry, and the Einstein Equation. Topics in cosmology will include the Friedman-Robertson-Walker metric, the age of the Universe, Dark Matter and Dark Energy, and early Universe thermodynamics. P: PHY 301.

Application of elementary quantum mechanical theory and relativity to the study of nuclear structure, radioactive decay, and nuclear models. P: PHY 531.

Laboratory work in nuclear physics designed to teach the methods and procedures of experimental nuclear physics at an advanced level and to familiarize the student with modern research equipment and its use. 3L. P: PHY 301 and 302.

Students will read and discuss original journal articles related to the historical development of high energy physics. P:PHY 212; MTH 246; or IC.

Introduction to the theory of the solid state based on quantum mechanics. Crystal structure and symmetry, lattice dynamics, free electron model, and band theory of solids. P: PHY 531.

Laboratory work in solid state physics including x-ray crystallography. 3L. CO: PHY 571 or IC.

Advanced laboratory work in physics designed to teach the methods of experimental research in physics. Students will work in collaborative teams on two open-ended experiments, each lasting six weeks, drawn from any physics subfield. Students will also develop a research proposal to be executed in PHY 582, Advanced Laboratory II. P: PHY 302, 303, and 332.

Advanced laboratory designed to teach the methods of experimental research in physics. Students will work in collaborative teams to complete a project of their own design, including literature review, design and execution of the experiment, data analysis (including statistical testing) and a written report. Students will participate in mock peer-review. P: Phy 581

Objectives and functions of the teaching of science in terms of secondary-school learning experiences. Attention is directed to the selection, organization, and presentation of meaningful materials; selection, use and evaluation of textbooks and related aids. Specific application of course material to physics through independent projects. Meets concurrently with EDU 445. Students are expected to complete all of the course work of EDU 445 and complete an additional independent project. CO: EDU 341 and 342.

A thorough review of the essential optical and physical principles needed for understanding laser characteristics, operation and design. Topics include the principle of detailed balance, absorption, stimulated emission, gain, obtaining population inversions, pumping requirements, laser cavity modes, Gaussian beams, laser resonators, Q-switching, mode-locking, and an overview of specific laser systems including gas-tube and solid-state lasers. P: PHY 301, 302.

A series of lectures, dicussions and engineering speakers to assist pre-engineers to define more clearly their professional goals by acquainting them with diversified career options available to engineers. Topics include: engineering career exploration and development; cooperative education and internships; and job search, resume writing and interviewing techniques. P: IC.

A course treating physics topics of special interest. The course will be subtitled in the schedule of classes, and may be repeated under different subtitles. P: IC.

Variational principles, Lagrange's equations, two-body central force motion, rigid body motion, transformations, small oscillations.

Electromagnetic fields, application of Maxwell's equations to electromagnetic waves and their interaction with matter.

Development of the formalism of quantum mechanics with applications to simple systems.

Applications of quantum mechanics to current fields of interest. P: PHY 631.

Review of thermodynamics, classical and quantum statistical theory, applications to current fields of interest.

Small oscillations, transformations, special functions, boundary value problems. P: MTH 347.

Introduction to current research in Physics.

Oral presentation and critical discussion of subjects in physics or related fields by invited speakers, faculty, and graduate students.

Directed readings in areas of special interest to the faculty, such as the following; astrophysics, atomic physics, cosmology, medical physics, nuclear physics, particle physics, solid state physics, surface physics, statistical mechanics, foundations of physics, biophysics. P: IC.

Advanced study in a specific area of interest to the faculty. P: IC.

An independent research project under the guidance of a member of the faculty. Weekly conferences. Written report of work required at the end of each semester. P: IC.

Research in connection with the preparation of the Master's thesis. Students must register for this course in any term in which they are engaged in formal preparation of the master's thesis; however, six credit hours are the maximum applicable toward the degree. P: IC.

AY - Offered in alternate (every-other) years

OD - Offered on demand

P - Prerequisite

IC - Instructors Consent

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